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The renin inhibitor aliskiren upregulates pro-angiogenic cells and reduces atherogenesis in mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20857126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sca-1 and VEGFR-2 positive pro-angiogenic cells (PAC) predict outcome of patients with vascular disease. Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system impairs PAC function. The effects of the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren on PAC numbers and function are not known. Treatment of C57Bl/6 mice and Apo E(-/-) mice on high-cholesterol diet with aliskiren, 25 mg/kg/day s.c. for 3-6 weeks, reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure by -11.5 and -13.7% compared to vehicle. Aliskiren increased Sca-1/VEGFR-2 positive PAC in the blood (159 ± 14%) and spleen-derived DiLDL/lectin positive PAC (180 ± 21%). Migratory capacity of PAC was increased to 165 ± 16%. In cultured human PAC, aliskiren dose-dependently increased the number of colony forming units to 152 ± 9% (1 μmol/l) and 187 ± 7% (10 μmol/l), which was prevented by the eNOS inhibitor LNMA. H₂O₂-induced apoptosis of cultured human PAC was reduced to 77 ± 23%. In Apo E(-/-) mice, aliskiren reduced atherosclerotic plaque area in the aortic sinus by 58 ± 4%. Circulating Sca-1/VEGFR-2 positive PAC were upregulated to 180 ± 25% and migratory capacity of PAC was increased to 127 ± 7%. Aliskiren reduced vascular NADPH oxidase activity to 41.6 ± 6.7%. Despite similar blood pressure lowering, treatment with hydralazine (25 mg/kg/day) did not significantly influence atherogenesis or PAC. Treatment of C57Bl/6 mice with a lower dose of aliskiren (15 mg/kg/day) did not affect blood pressure but increased cultured DiLDL/lectin positive PAC to 229 ± 30% and their migratory capacity to 214 ± 24%. Aliskiren increased number and function of PAC in mice and prevented atherosclerotic lesion formation. The effects were observed independent of blood pressure lowering.
Authors:
Janine Pöss; Christian Werner; Dominik Lorenz; Christoph Gensch; Michael Böhm; Ulrich Laufs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic research in cardiology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1435-1803     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Res. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360342     Medline TA:  Basic Res Cardiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  725-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Kardiologie, Angiologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Kirrbergerstr., 66421, Homburg, Saar, Germany. Janine.poess@gmx.de
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