Document Detail

The removal of thermo-tolerant coliform bacteria by immobilized waste stabilization pond algae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21436540     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This study investigated the potential of laboratory- scale columns of immobilized micro-algae to disinfect effluents using thermo-tolerant coliforms (TTC) as a model system. Cells of a Chlorella species isolated from a waste stabilization pond complex in Northeast Brazil were immobilized in calcium alginate, packed into glass columns and incubated in contact with TTC suspensions for up to 24 hours. Five to six log removals of TTC were achieved in 6 hours and 11 log removals in 12 hours contact time. The results were similar under artificial light and shaded sunlight. However little or no TTC removal occurred in the light in columns of alginate beads without immobilized algae present or when the immobilized algae were incubated in the dark suggesting that the presence of both algae and light were necessary for TTC decay. There was a positive correlation between K(b) values for TTC and increasing pH in the effluent from the immobilized algal columns within the range pH 7.2 and 8.9. The potential of immobilized algal technology for wastewater disinfection may warrant further investigation.
H W Pearson; A E Marcon; H N Melo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0273-1223     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9879497     Medline TA:  Water Sci Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1075-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Environmental Sanitation Group, Department of Chemistry, State University of Paraiba, Av das Baraúnas, 351, Bodocongó 58109-753 Campina Grande, PB, Brazil. E-mail:
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