Document Detail

The reliability of the N400 in single subjects: Implications for patients with disorders of consciousness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24936429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Functional neuroimaging assessments of residual cognitive capacities, including those that support language, can improve diagnostic and prognostic accuracy in patients with disorders of consciousness. Due to the portability and relative inexpensiveness of electroencephalography, the N400 event-related potential component has been proposed as a clinically valid means to identify preserved linguistic function in non-communicative patients. Across three experiments, we show that changes in both stimuli and task demands significantly influence the probability of detecting statistically significant N400 effects - that is, the difference in N400 amplitudes caused by the experimental manipulation. In terms of task demands, passively heard linguistic stimuli were significantly less likely to elicit N400 effects than task-relevant stimuli. Due to the inability of the majority of patients with disorders of consciousness to follow task commands, the insensitivity of passive listening would impede the identification of residual language abilities even when such abilities exist. In terms of stimuli, passively heard normatively associated word pairs produced the highest detection rate of N400 effects (50% of the participants), compared with semantically-similar word pairs (0%) and high-cloze sentences (17%). This result is consistent with a prediction error account of N400 magnitude, with highly predictable targets leading to smaller N400 waves, and therefore larger N400 effects. Overall, our data indicate that non-repeating normatively associated word pairs provide the highest probability of detecting single-subject N400s during passive listening, and may thereby provide a clinically viable means of assessing residual linguistic function. We also show that more liberal analyses may further increase the detection-rate, but at the potential cost of increased false alarms.
Damian Cruse; Steve Beukema; Srivas Chennu; Jeffrey G Malins; Adrian M Owen; Ken McRae
Related Documents :
22950349 - Effects of aging and education on false memory.
24144779 - Blocked versus randomized presentation modes differentially modulate feedback-related n...
24802689 - Shani mootoo.
19565429 - An investigation into the online processing of counterfactual and indicative conditionals.
23162489 - Intentional suppression can lead to a reduction of memory strength: behavioral and elec...
24075689 - Neural dynamics of inflectional and derivational morphology processing in the human brain.
4844139 - Influence of site of impact on cognitive impairment persisting long after severe closed...
15525759 - The s6kii (rsk) gene of drosophila melanogaster differentially affects an operant and a...
15751479 - Evidence for patchwork approximation of shape primitives.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-05-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  NeuroImage. Clinical     Volume:  4     ISSN:  2213-1582     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroimage Clin     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-06-17     Completed Date:  2014-06-17     Revised Date:  2014-06-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101597070     Medline TA:  Neuroimage Clin     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  788-99     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Disruption of structure-function coupling in the schizophrenia connectome.
Next Document:  Abnormal brain structure in youth who commit homicide.