Document Detail


On the relevance of "ideal" occlusion concepts for incisor inclination target definition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22051485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: The concept of "ideal" occlusion in harmony with craniofacial structures is often proposed as an ultimate goal of orthodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of slight variations in posterior occlusion and the history of straight-wire orthodontic treatment on the predictability of incisor inclination and third-order angles.
METHODS: Axial incisor inclinations, third-order angles, and craniofacial relationships were assessed on lateral headfilms and corresponding dental casts of 75 healthy white subjects, 16 to 26 years old, selected by the general inclusion criterion of a good interincisal relationship. Four groups were formed: group A (n = 17), Angle Class I occlusion subjects with no orthodontic treatment; group B (n = 20), Angle Class I occlusion subjects treated with standardized straight-wire orthodontics; group C (n = 20), up to a half-cusp distal occlusion after straight-wire treatment; and group D (n = 18), up to a half-cusp distal occlusion and no orthodontic treatment. Regression analysis was used to insert predictor angles into selected regression equations of the subjects with "ideal" occlusion, and the absolute differences between predicted and observed response angles were determined.
RESULTS: Small differences in incisor inclination were found between subjects with "ideal" occlusion and those who slightly deviated from "ideal" with a mild occlusion of the Angle Class II category. Posterior occlusion was not relevant to the validity of the vast majority of predictor-response pairs. Straight-wire treatment produced incisor inclination that was slightly protruded compared with subjects who had good natural occlusion.
CONCLUSIONS: The "ideal" posterior occlusion concepts as a general orthodontic treatment goal should be reconsidered.
Authors:
Michael Knösel; Klaus Jung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics     Volume:  140     ISSN:  1097-6752     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610224     Medline TA:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  652-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Dentistry Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.
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