Document Detail

The relationship of task reinforcement to personal loss themes revealed in earliest memories of elderly subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1017459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Institutionalization of the aged has been viewed as an environmental stressor, producing covert negative affect which is manifest as personal loss themes in the individual's earliest memories. It was hypothesized that reinforcement given for a cognitive task would produce a positive emotional response in the individual and result in decreased personal loss feelings. Subjects were 64 elderly persons (aged 65-88); half of each sex, half nursing home and half community residents, half receiving reinforcement and half receiving none. Subjects' earliest memories were scored for personal loss themes. Significant findings were that among subjects who were reinforced, those in the community had higher loss scores than those in the nursing home; there was no difference in loss scores between community and nursing residents who had not been reinforced. Among community subjects, those who were reinforced had significantly higher loss scores than those who were not; the opposite tendency was observed in nursing home subjects.
V G Cicirelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental aging research     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0361-073X     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Aging Res     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-04-25     Completed Date:  1977-04-25     Revised Date:  2008-02-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603335     Medline TA:  Exp Aging Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  435-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Mental Recall*
Nursing Homes
Reinforcement, Verbal*
Verbal Behavior

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