Document Detail

The relationship of mechanical properties to morphology in patellar tendon autografts after posterior cruciate ligament replacement in sheep.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1639826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In a sheep model the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) was replaced by a patellar tendon autograft (PTAG) using the central one-third of the ipsilateral patellar tendon (PT). The sheep were sacrificed at 16, 26, 52 and 104 weeks postoperation. The PTAG, and, as controls, the contralateral PCL and PT were harvested. These were examined using biomechanical testing as well as light and transmission electron microscopy, including immunohistological techniques. The material properties (maximum stress, elastic modulus) were compared to the morphological features. The cellular distribution, the distribution of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), the collagen fibril diameter and the occurrence of Type III collagen were studied. Prior to transplantation, the PTAG was shown to be superior in maximum stress (57.2 +/- 5.5 MPa vs 41.3 +/- 1.9 MPa) and elastic modulus (368.8 +/- 49.3 MPa vs 172.3 +/- 14.6 MPa) to the PCL. The early decline in material properties of the PTAG (maximum stress 22% and elastic modulus 42% of the control) after free grafting paralleled a cell- and capillary-rich PTAG tissue with remnants of necrosis and a poorly organized extracellular matrix. Two years after implantation, with progressive alignment of the tissue matrix, maximum stress and elastic modulus acquired approximately 60 and 70% of the control, respectively. However, there was also an evidence of degenerative changes characterized by acellular areas, loss of the normal bundling pattern of collagen fibers and abnormal accumulation of GAGs. Ultrastructurally, there was a predominant shift to thin collagen fibrils in the PTAG compared to PCL and PT, both consisting of thick and thin collagen fibrils. Thin fibrils were demonstrated to be, in part, split thick fibrils as well as newly formed fibrils. Most of these thin fibrils revealed a positive reaction with antibodies to Type III collagen.
U Bosch; B Decker; W Kasperczyk; A Nerlich; H J Oestern; H Tscherne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0021-9290     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech     Publication Date:  1992 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-28     Completed Date:  1992-08-28     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  821-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Trauma Surgery, Hannover Medical School, F.R.G.
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MeSH Terms
Collagen / analysis
Follow-Up Studies
Glycosaminoglycans / analysis
Knee Joint / surgery*
Ligaments, Articular / surgery*
Microscopy, Electron
Tendons / metabolism,  transplantation*,  ultrastructure
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glycosaminoglycans; 9007-34-5/Collagen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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