Document Detail

The relationship of blood transfusions to retrolental fibroplasia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6689255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The medical records of 53 premature infants weighing less than 1,360 g at birth were examined. The retinas of 32 infants remained normal, while mild active retrolental fibroplasia developed in 17 babies, and severe active retrolental fibroplasia developed in four babies. The birth weight, duration of exposure of supplemental oxygen, and the amount of blood they received as transfusions were recorded. There was no significant difference in these values for those babies whose retinas remained normal and for those babies in whom mild retinopathy of prematurity developed. However, the infants in whom severe retrolental fibroplasia developed were significantly smaller in weight at birth and received more supplemental oxygen and transfused blood. There was a close correlation between the amount of blood transfused and days of exposure to supplemental oxygen. In addition, the ratio of transfused blood to days of supplemental oxygen exposure was greater in those infants in whom no retrolental fibroplasia developed and least in those infants in whom severe active retrolental fibroplasia developed.
D Mittelman; C Cronin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of ophthalmology     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0003-4886     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  1983 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-02-14     Completed Date:  1984-02-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0210137     Medline TA:  Ann Ophthalmol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  376-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Blood Transfusion / adverse effects*
Infant, Newborn
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy / adverse effects
Regression Analysis
Retinopathy of Prematurity / etiology*

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