Document Detail

The relationship between time spent living with kin and adolescent functioning in youth with a history of out-of-home placement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21316108     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Many children in the US who are court-ordered to live in out-of-home care are placed with kinship caregivers. Few studies have examined the impact of living with kin on child well-being. This study examined the relationship between length of time living with kin and indices of adolescent well-being in a cohort of children who were initially court-ordered into out-of-home care.
METHODS: Prospective cohort design with 148 youth, ages 7-12, who entered out-of-home care between May, 1990, and October, 1991. Seventy-five percent of those interviewed at T1 (6 months following placement) were interviewed at T2 (5 years later).
RESULTS: Bivariate analyses did not demonstrate significant relationships between length of time living with kin and the outcome variables. In multivariate analyses, longer length of time living with kin was related to: (1) greater involvement in risk behaviors including: delinquency (β=.22, p<.05), sexual risk behaviors (β=.31, p<.05), substance use (β=.26, p<.05), and total risk behaviors (β=.27, p<.05), and (2) poorer life-course outcomes including: Tickets/Arrests (OR=1.4, p<.05) and lower grades (β=-.24, p<.05). Time living with kin was not related to total competence, or self-destructive, internalizing, externalizing, or total behavior problems. There were trends (p<.10) for time living with kin to predict greater trauma symptomatology (β=.17) and suspensions (OR=1.1).
CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant bivariate findings. The multivariate findings suggested a pattern of poorer functioning for youth who spent more time living with kin. No differences were found in current symptomatology.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Although findings from a single study should not dictate changes in practice or policy, the current study's findings do suggest that the field needs to conduct more methodologically sophisticated research on the impact of kinship care.
Heather N Taussig; Robert B Clyman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child abuse & neglect     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1873-7757     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Abuse Negl     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-22     Completed Date:  2011-06-29     Revised Date:  2014-09-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801702     Medline TA:  Child Abuse Negl     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  78-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior*
Adolescent Psychology
Child Abuse
Cohort Studies
Family Characteristics*
Foster Home Care*
Interviews as Topic
Personal Satisfaction
Prospective Studies
Grant Support
1 K01 MH01972/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; 1 R01 MH46078/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; 1 R03 MH56781/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; 90-CA-1458/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K01 MH001972/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; K01 MH001972-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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