Document Detail

The relationship between some disorders of the umbilical cord and intrauterine growth retardation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  274057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Some disorders of the umbilical cord--Single umbilical artery, oedema of the cord, battledore insertion and velamentous insertion--have been examined in a prospectively randomized material. The material consists of 447 placentae from liveborn, singleton infants, where 287 were from exemplary pregnancies, and 160 from births with a gestational age of less than 266 days and/or a birth weight of less than 2750 g. The placentae were examined macroscopically and microscopically, and the total amount of protein, RNA, and DNA were determined in a randomized sample. Single umbilical artery was found to coincide with circumvallate placenta, suggesting a common fault in the placentation. Oedema of the umbilical cord was found to have no significance for the infant, but their placentae were significantly heavier, without signs of generalized oedema. The birth weight and placental weight were slightly and equally reduced in battledore insertion of the cord. The RNA/DNA ratio was increased, indicating tissue stress. This anomaly contrasted to the placentae, in which the cords were inserted velamentously. These had significantly reduced birth weights, and the weights of the placentae were slightly reduced. The incidences of complications during labour and congenital anomalies were increased.
J Rolschau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. Supplement     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0300-8835     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand Suppl     Publication Date:  1978  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-06-12     Completed Date:  1978-06-12     Revised Date:  2008-02-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0337655     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand Suppl     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
DNA / metabolism
Fetal Growth Retardation*
Gestational Age
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Placenta / metabolism
Placenta Diseases
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular*
Prospective Studies
Proteins / metabolism
RNA / metabolism
Umbilical Arteries / abnormalities
Umbilical Cord*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proteins; 63231-63-0/RNA; 9007-49-2/DNA

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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