Document Detail

The relationship between smoking and body weight in a population of young military personnel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9776004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Evidence indicates that middle-aged smokers weigh less than nonsmokers and that smoking cessation reliably produces weight gain, but recent studies have questioned the weight control "benefits" of smoking in younger populations (the time that people typically initiate smoking). The relationship between smoking and body weight was evaluated in all U.S. Air Force Basic Military Training recruits during a 1-year period (n = 32,144). Those who smoked prior to Basic Military Training (n = 10,440) were compared to never smokers or experimental smokers. Results indicated that regular-current smoking had no relationship to body weight in women (p > .05) and a very small effect in men (p < .05). Ethnicity, education, income, and duration and intensity of smoking did not affect the relationship between smoking and body weight. It was concluded that smoking has no effects on the body weights of young women and minimal effects in young men.
R C Klesges; S M Zbikowski; H A Lando; C K Haddock; G W Talcott; L A Robinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  1998 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-12-30     Completed Date:  1998-12-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  454-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Memphis Prevention Center, University of Memphis, Tennessee 38119, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Body Weight*
Military Personnel / psychology*
Random Allocation
Smoking / psychology*
Smoking Cessation
Grant Support

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