Document Detail

The relationship between self-reported and clinical measures and the number of days to return to sport following acute lateral ankle sprains.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11787905     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of self-reported and clinical measures to the number of days to return to sport following acute lateral ankle sprains. BACKGROUND: In order to direct rehabilitation, injury classification schemes should include self-reported and clinical measures that help prognosticate the number of days to return to sport (DAYS). METHODS AND MEASURES: Twenty Division II college athletes (7 men, 13 women; mean age = 19.2 +/- 1.1 years) were assessed following an acute lateral ankle sprain and upon return to sport. Athletes were assessed by three self-reported measures: global function question, Short Form-36 Physical Function scale (SF36PF), visual analog pain scale, and four clinical measures: ankle active range of motion (AROM), ankle dorsiflexion strength, ankle plantar flexion strength, ambulation status. Simple regression, multiple regression, and effect sizes (ES) were used to analyze these data. RESULTS: The simple regression revealed a statistically significant relationship between DAYS and the global function question (r2 = .22), the SF36PF (r2 = .28), and the patient's ambulation status (r2 = .27). A multiple regression using these three variables in combination was also statistically significant (P = .015) and explained approximately one-third of the variance in DAYS, (r2 = .37). All dependent variables revealed large or moderate ES. CONCLUSION: Self-reported functional measures in conjunction with the athlete's ambulation status are important factors in predicting the number of days to return to sport following acute lateral ankle sprains. Further research using large sample sizes and other clinical and functional measures is necessary.
Kevin M Cross; Teddy W Worrell; James E Leslie; K Renee Van Veld
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0190-6011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-11     Completed Date:  2002-04-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7908150     Medline TA:  J Orthop Sports Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Ankle Injuries / classification,  diagnosis*,  physiopathology*
Athletic Injuries / classification,  diagnosis*,  physiopathology*
Early Ambulation
Prospective Studies
Range of Motion, Articular
Regression Analysis
Sprains and Strains / classification,  diagnosis*,  physiopathology*
Time Factors

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