Document Detail


The relationship between relative growth rate and susceptibility to aphids in wild barley under different nutrient levels.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  13680349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Resource Availability Hypothesis (RAH) states that plants with a low Relative Growth Rate (RGR) and high levels of defence against herbivores or pathogens are favoured in habitats with low resource availability, whereas plants with a high potential RGR and low levels of defence are favoured in environments with high resource availability. High levels of defence are expected to result in lower reproduction and/or growth of the herbivores or pathogens. To test this hypothesis, four accessions of each of nine natural Hordeum spontaneum (wild barley) populations were grown in a climate chamber under two levels of nutrient supply. Susceptibility to Schizaphis graminum (greenbug) was quantified by placing a single adult greenbug on each plant and measuring its realised fecundity after 8 days. Data on potential RGR were available from a previous experiment. No support for the RAH was found. The correlation between potential RGR and greenbug reproduction was not significant, neither at the high nor at the low level of nutrient supply. Furthermore, on average plants grown under high and low nutrients did not differ in susceptibility. However, accessions-within-populations differed in the way susceptibility was affected by nutrient supply, and most accessions had a higher susceptibility under nutrient-poor conditions. It could be that these accessions differed in the spectrum of secondary metabolites they produced. Whatever the cause, the genetic variation for the reaction in susceptibility to nutrient supply suggests that selection could act in favour of more or less plasticity in plants without any apparent change in potential RGR.
Authors:
I A M Elberse; J H B Turin; F L Wäckers; J M M Van Damme; P H Van Tienderen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2003-09-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oecologia     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0029-8549     ISO Abbreviation:  Oecologia     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-17     Completed Date:  2004-03-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0150372     Medline TA:  Oecologia     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  564-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Ecology (NIOO), Boterhoekse straat 48, P.O. Box 40, 6666 ZG, Heteren, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Animals
Aphids*
Climate
Feeding Behavior
Female
Fertility*
Hordeum / growth & development*
Male
Plants, Edible*
Population Dynamics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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