Document Detail

The relationship between posture and equilibrium and the auriculotemporal nerve in patients with disturbed gait and balance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19891259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Balance is defined as a state of equilibrium or parity characterized by cancellation of all forces by equal opposing factors. This is the act of maintaining an upright posture (static balance) or in locomotion (dynamic balance or gait). This system depends on vestibular function, vision, and proprioception to maintain posture, to navigate in one's surroundings, to coordinate motion of body parts, to modulate fine motor control, and to initiate the vestibuloculomotor reflexes. These parts of the vestibular system provide our brains with information about changes in head movement with respect to the pull of gravity. Besides the visual, vestibular, and skeletal systems, which contribute to balance disorders, the dental (stomatognathic) system may also contribute to balance disorders. It is when all four of these systems are in coordination with one another, that a person will maintain equilibrium and balance, proper gait, and posture. The current article demonstrates, through normal anatomical and neurological processes, how the stomatognathic system influences these activities.
Brendan Stack; Anthony Sims
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cranio : the journal of craniomandibular practice     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0886-9634     ISO Abbreviation:  Cranio     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-06     Completed Date:  2010-01-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8609491     Medline TA:  Cranio     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  248-60     Citation Subset:  D    
American Academy of Craniofacial Pain, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cranial Nerves / physiopathology*
Gait Disorders, Neurologic / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation
Occlusal Splints*
Postural Balance / physiology*
Posture / physiology*
Stomatognathic System / innervation,  physiopathology*
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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