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The relationship between postprandial bile acid concentration, GLP-1, PYY and ghrelin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21039722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Gut hormones peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) play an integral role in appetite control and energy homeostasis. Entero-endocrine L-cells can be stimulated by nutrients and or bile acids to co-secrete PYY and GLP-1. The aim of this study was to determine the response of bile acids, PYY, GLP-1 and ghrelin after a test meal.
DESIGN: Twelve subjects with a BMI of 22·8 (0·52) kg/m² [mean (SEM)] received a 400 kcal test meal after which blood samples were taken every 30 min from 0 to 180 min. PYY, GLP-1 and ghrelin were measured by radioimmunoassays. Fractionated bile acids were measured by HPLC-MSMS.
RESULTS: PYY positively correlated with glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA) (rs = 0·23, P = 0·03) and taurochenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA) (rs = 0·26, P = 0·02). GLP-1 positively correlated with GCDCA (rs = 0·22, P = 0·047) and glycodeoxycholic acid (GDCA) (rs = 0·3, P = 0·005). Ghrelin negatively correlated with GDCA (rs = -0·45, P≤ 0·0001), TCDCA (rs = -0·23, P = 0·034) and taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA) (rs = -0·44, P≤ 0·0001).
CONCLUSION: PYY and GLP-1 responses correlated with chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) counterparts, whereas ghrelin negatively correlated with deoxycholic acid (DCA) counterparts. Specific bile acids may thus differentially affect entero-endocrine cells.
R E Roberts; C Glicksman; J Alaghband-Zadeh; R A Sherwood; N Akuji; C W le Roux
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical endocrinology     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1365-2265     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf)     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0346653     Medline TA:  Clin Endocrinol (Oxf)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
King's College London School of Medicine, UK.
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