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The relationship between nut consumption and lipid profile among the Iranian adult population; Isfahan Healthy Heart Program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23422923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background/objective:The study was carried out to assess the relationship between nut consumption and lipid profile among Iranian adults.Subject/methods:The study was based on data from the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program across three counties in central Iran in 2007. A cross-sectional survey of 9660 randomly selected adults aged 19 years were chosen based on sex, age and settlement distributions in each community. Nutritional behaviors were assessed by validated qualitative 48-item food frequency questionnaires, which covered regular intakes of four types of nuts: walnuts, almonds, pistachios and hazelnuts. Analysis of covariance and logistic regression tests were utilized to determine odds ratio (OR) 95% confidence interval of hyperlipidemia according to nut consumption patterns in unadjusted and three-adjusted models.Results:The results showed a significant link between high nut consumption and lower total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and apo B/apo A ratio (P<0.05) in female subjects and lower TG, LDL-C and apoB/apoA ratio in male subjects (P<0.05). The frequency of nut consumption was inversely associated with dyslipidemia, especially for those who had consumed nuts 4 times weekly (0.67 (0.57-0.79)). After adjusting for sex, age and other potential confounders, ORs increased enormously. Except for low apo A and high LDL-C, more frequent nut consumption (4 times per week) had a significant inverse effect on other dyslipidemia risk factors in all four models.Conclusions:We concluded that frequent consumption of nuts, particularly 4 times a week, may result in lower dyslipidemia occurrences and may exert cardioprotective effects.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 20 February 2013; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2013.21.
G Askari; N Yazdekhasti; N Mohammadifard; N Sarrafzadegan; A Bahonar; M Badiei; F Sajjadi; M Taheri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Nutrition Faculty, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
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