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The relationship between maternal periodontitis and preterm low birth weight: A case-control study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21957382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The relationship between periodontal diseases in pregnancy and children born prematurely or with low birth weight has been increasingly investigated, showing positive and negative results, respectively.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between Maternal Periodontitis and Preterm delivery or Low Birth Weight.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 104 pregnant women without systemic disease or other risk factors for preterm labor were chosen. The control group (n = 52) had term labor (infants ≥37 weeks) and the case group (n = 52) had preterm labor (infants <37 weeks). Plaque index, bleeding index, and birth weight were measured.
RESULTS: The data of plaque index (cases 1.21±0.56; controls 0.63±0.31), bleeding index (cases, 2.08±0.62; controls, 1.52±0.61), birth weight (cases, 2.01±0.36; controls 2.87±0.32), and Probing Pocket Depth (PPD) ≥4mm and Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) ≥3mm in at least 4 teeth (odds ratio 137.50, P value < 0.0001) revealed a statistically significant difference between the two groups P< 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: A noticeable relationship between periodontal health and duration of pregnancy; periodontal disease could be a risk factor for preterm labor. Oral hygiene maintenance should be a part of prenatal care protocol.
Authors:
Satheesh Mannem; Vijay K Chava
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contemporary clinical dentistry     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0976-2361     ISO Abbreviation:  Contemp Clin Dent     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-29     Completed Date:  2011-11-10     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101552967     Medline TA:  Contemp Clin Dent     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-93     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Periodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavarm, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India .
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