Document Detail

The relationship between hypertensive pregnant women's hypertension self-care knowledge and hypertension control at a reference in Harare, Zimbabwe.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18254457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine hypertensive self-care knowledge possessed by outpatient pregnant hypertensive women and to establish the relationship between their knowledge and their hypertension control. DESIGN: Descriptive correlational study. SETTING: A Harare antenatal clinic, a national reference centre, Harare, Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: Mild hypertensive pregnant women, not on antihypertensive drugs, attending the antenatal clinic on repeat visits as outpatients, (n = 75). METHODS: Interviewer-administered structured interview schedule on indicators of hypertension self-care knowledge and blood pressure measurement using a syphygmanometer and astethoscope. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Selected indicators of hypertension self-care knowledge and diastolic blood pressure readings. Pearson's correlational analysis and simple regression analysis used for the relationship. RESULTS: The total possible score for hypertension self-care knowledge was 40 (100%) Scores ranged from 11 (27.5%) to 38 (95%). The mean total knowledge score was 32.7 and the standard deviation was 4.24. The score range was from 11 to 38. Of blood pressure readings, 85.3% of the outpatients had a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg and below. Only 14.7% had a diastolic blood pressure reading above 90 mmHg. The range was from 60 mmHg to 110 mmHg and the mean was 89.7 mm Hg. Pearson's correlational analysis revealed a relationship between hypertension self-care knowledge and diastolic blood pressure which was significant (r = -0.25, p < 0.001). Simple linear regression analysis revealed a negative relationship (p < 0.001) suggesting that hypertension self-care knowledge has a negative effect on hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension self-care knowledge seems to assist in the control of hypertension in pregnancy.
H T Mahaka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Central African journal of medicine     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0008-9176     ISO Abbreviation:  Cent Afr J Med     Publication Date:    2006 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-07     Completed Date:  2008-02-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372566     Medline TA:  Cent Afr J Med     Country:  Zimbabwe    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  58-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Sciences, Bindura University of Science Education, Bindura.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Health Education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Status Indicators
Hypertension / prevention & control*
Interviews as Topic
Life Style
Perinatal Care
Self Care*
Sickness Impact Profile
Statistics as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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