Document Detail


The relationship between gas delivery patterns and the lower inflection point of the pressure-volume curve during partial liquid ventilation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10631219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
STUDY QUESTION: To determine whether a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level equivalent to the lower inflection point (LIP) could be identified by evaluation of the airway pressure, flow (f1. gif" BORDER="0">), and volume vs time waveforms during partial liquid ventilation (PLV). DESIGN: Prospective application of PEEP during PLV in a healthy animal model. SETTING: University hospital animal laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Five healthy sheep weighing 30 kg each. INTERVENTIONS: The sequential application of 0 to 20 cm H(2)O PEEP in 2.5-cm H(2)O steps during PLV with both pressure and volume ventilation. MEASUREMENTS: Analysis of the pressure, volume, and f1. gif" BORDER="0"> waveforms as PEEP is sequentially increased. RESULTS: At 0 cm H(2)O PEEP, VT was markedly reduced compared with PEEP VT at > or = 7.5 cm H(2)O (p < 0.05) in pressure control ventilation (PCV), and peak inspiratory pressure minus PEEP was markedly increased compared with PEEP at > or = 5.0 cm H(2)O (p < 0.05) in volume control ventilation. At 10 cm H(2)O PEEP, all waveforms began to stabilize, and no significant differences in any variable assessed were measured at > 12.5 cm H(2)O PEEP. CONCLUSIONS: The application of PEEP during PLV markedly alters airway waveforms. Low PEEP decreases VT in PCV and increases airway pressure in VCV. The PEEP level equal to the LIP during PLV can be grossly estimated from airway waveforms. PEEP at > or = 10 cm H(2)O is needed to normalize gas delivery to functional residual capacity in the uninjured lung that is partially filled with perfluorocarbon.
Authors:
G Ferreyra; S Goddon; Y Fujino; R M Kacmarek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  117     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-07     Completed Date:  2000-02-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  191-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesia/Respiratory Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pressure*
Airway Resistance / drug effects
Animals
Emulsions
Fluorocarbons / administration & dosage*
Functional Residual Capacity / drug effects
Instillation, Drug
Lung Compliance / drug effects
Positive-Pressure Respiration / methods*
Prospective Studies
Reference Values
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena* / drug effects
Sheep
Tidal Volume / drug effects
Trachea
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Emulsions; 0/Fluorocarbons; 423-55-2/perflubron
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Chest. 2000 Jan;117(1):8-10   [PMID:  10631190 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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