Document Detail

The relationship between fetal biophysical assessment, umbilical artery velocimetry, and fetal acidosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2002989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In a prospective study of 62 patients undergoing cesarean delivery before the onset of labor, fetal biophysical assessment and umbilical artery systolic-diastolic ratios (S/Ds) were performed within 3 hours of delivery. There was a significant relationship between the fetal biophysical profile score and cord arterial as well as cord venous pH. However, there was no identifiable relationship between S/D and cord arterial or venous pH. The efficacies of the biophysical components alone (nonstress test [NST] and fetal biophysical profile) and in combination with S/D to predict fetal acidosis were determined. The NST had the best sensitivity (100%) and negative predictive value (100%). The fetal biophysical profile had the best specificity (91%), positive predictive value (62%), and overall efficiency (90%). The S/D had the lowest sensitivity (66%), specificity (42%), positive predictive value (16%), negative predictive value (88%), and overall efficiency (45%). The addition of S/D to the NST or fetal biophysical profile did not improve diagnostic accuracy. These data suggest that the NST should be used as a primary test for the antepartum detection of fetal acidosis, whereas the fetal biophysical profile is a reasonable adjunct test. The umbilical artery S/D, as determined by continuous-wave Doppler velocimetry, has no value as a primary method or an adjunct in the antepartum detection of fetal acidosis.
A M Vintzileos; W A Campbell; J F Rodis; D A McLean; A D Fleming; W E Scorza
Related Documents :
1171579 - Measurement of endometrial blood flow in guinea-pig uterus by clearance of intraluminal...
11641659 - Left ventricular diastolic filling response to stationary bicycle exercise during pregn...
7882599 - Uterine artery waveform as a predictor of pregnancy outcome in women with underlying re...
11425819 - Uterine artery doppler velocimetry and the outcome of pregnancies resulting from icsi.
6132039 - New doppler technique for assessing uteroplacental blood flow.
7501849 - Sonography of the umbilical cord.
22228789 - Preeclampsia: multiple approaches for a multifactorial disease.
24599289 - Preconception zinc deficiency disrupts postimplantation fetal and placental development...
8456899 - Accuracy of gestational age estimation by means of fetal crown-rump length measurement.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-04-18     Completed Date:  1991-04-18     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  622-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Acidosis / blood,  diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Biophysical Phenomena
Fetal Blood
Fetal Diseases / blood,  diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Infant, Newborn
Predictive Value of Tests
Prenatal Diagnosis*
Prospective Studies
Umbilical Arteries / ultrasonography*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Fetal platelet consumption: a feature of placental insufficiency.
Next Document:  Treatment of ectopic pregnancy by transvaginal intratubal methotrexate administration.