Document Detail

The relation of child care to cognitive and language development. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Early Child Care Research Network.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11016559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Children from 10 sites in the United States were followed from birth to age 3 to determine how experiences in child care relate to cognitive and language development (Ns varied between 595 and 856, depending on the assessment). Multiple assessments of family and child care environments and of cognitive and language competence were collected. Analyses that adjusted for maternal vocabulary score, family income, child gender, observed quality of the home environment, and observed maternal cognitive stimulation indicated that the overall quality of child care, and language stimulation in particular, was consistently but modestly related to cognitive and language outcomes at ages 15, 24, and 36 months. The effect sizes for high (top quartile) versus low (bottom quartile) quality ranged from .18 to .48. After adjusting for child care quality, cumulative experience in center-based care was associated with better outcomes than was participation in other types of care. The amount of time children spent in care was not related to outcomes. Children in exclusive maternal care did not differ systematically from children in child care. Tests for lagged relations of earlier child care experiences to later performance (adjusting for current child care) showed that language stimulation predicted subsequent cognitive and language performance 9 to 12 months later. Although children in center care at age 3 performed better than children in other types of care, earlier experience in child care homes was associated with better performance at age 3 than was experience in other types of care. The relations of child care variables to outcomes did not vary consistently as a function of family income, quality of home environment, child gender, or ethnic group.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:    2000 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-02     Completed Date:  2001-02-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  960-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child Care / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
Child Day Care Centers / statistics & numerical data
Child Development*
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Language Development*
Language Tests
Quality Indicators, Health Care
Socioeconomic Factors
United States
Verbal Learning
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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