Document Detail


The regional nature of PM2.5 episodes in the upper Ohio River Valley.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15373365     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
From October 1999 through September 2000, particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter > or =2.5 microm (PM2.5) mass and composition were measured at the National Energy Technology Laboratory Pittsburgh site, with a particle concentrator Brigham Young University-organic sampling system and a tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM) monitor. PM2.5 measurements had also been obtained with TEOM monitors located in the Pittsburgh, PA, area, and at sites in Ohio, including Steubenville, Columbus, and Athens. The PM data from all these sites were analyzed on high PM days; PM2.5 TEOM particulate mass at all sites was generally associated with transitions from locally high barometric pressure to lower pressure. Elevated concentrations occurred with transport of PM from outside the local region in advance of frontal passages as the local pressure decreased. During high-pressure periods, concentrations at the study sites were generally low throughout the study region. Further details related to this transport were obtained from surface weather maps and estimated back-trajectories using the hybrid single-particle Lagrangian integrated trajectory model associated with these time periods. These analyses indicated that transport of pollutants to the Pittsburgh site was generally from the west to the southwest. These results suggest that the Ohio River Valley and possible regions beyond act as a significant source of PM and its precursors in the Pittsburgh area and at the other regional sites included in this study.
Authors:
Richard R Anderson; Donald V Martello; Curt M White; Kevin C Crist; Kuruvilla John; William K Modey; Delbert J Eatough
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1096-2247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-17     Completed Date:  2004-10-05     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503111     Medline TA:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  971-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Energy Technology Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236, USA. richard.anderson@netl.doe.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Movements
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Cities
Environmental Monitoring*
Meteorological Concepts
Ohio
Particle Size
Pennsylvania
Public Health
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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