Document Detail

A region in the dorsolateral striatum of the rat exhibiting single-unit correlations with specific locomotor limb movements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2258744     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. To examine the activity of single units in the lateral striatum of the awake rat with respect to sensorimotor function, 788 units were recorded during locomotion and passive testing. The focus of this report is on 138 units (18%) that fired in relation to sensorimotor activity of a single limb. The remaining units were related to other body parts (16%), to general body movement (38%), or were unresponsive (28%). 2. Firing rates of limb-related units were near zero during resting behavior but increased markedly during treadmill locomotion. Each of the 138 units exhibited a rhythmic pattern of discharge in phase with the locomotor step cycle. Passive testing revealed that 86/97 units tested (89%) responded to passive manipulation of a single limb, exhibiting increased firing rates. Of these, 77 (90%) were related to contralateral and 9 (10%) to ipsilateral limbs. Sixty-one units (71%) were related to a forelimb and 25 (29%) to a hindlimb. Of the 86 units responding to passive manipulation. 34/48 units tested (71%) also responded to cutaneous stimulation of the same limb but no other part of the body. 3. To study in greater detail the rhythmic unit discharges in phase with the locomotor step cycle, computer-synchronized videotape recordings were used to generate perimovement time histograms constructed around discrete locomotor movements of each limb (n = 17 units). Activity of each unit was shown to be restricted to a specific portion of a particular limb's step cycle. The majority of units discharged throughout (8 units) or during a portion of (3 units) the swing phase, whereas other units fired during a portion of stance (3 units), footfall (2 units), or foot off (1 unit). 1. The specificity of unit firing was further demonstrated by the finding that rhythmic discharges, related to discrete locomotor limb movements in the forward direction, were completely absent during spontaneous deviations such as backward or disrupted locomotion. 5. Units related to limb movement were located in the far lateral, especially the dorsolateral, subregion of the striatum. This subregion extend rostrocaudally from A-P +1.6 to -1.0 mm relative to bregma. No clear somatotopic organization was observed, but this issue requires further study. 6. These results show that functional representations of individual limbs can be demonstrated in the lateral striatum of the rat, within a subregion containing terminals of projections from somatic sensorimotor cortex.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
M O West; R M Carelli; M Pomerantz; S M Cohen; J P Gardner; J K Chapin; D J Woodward
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-01-28     Completed Date:  1991-01-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1233-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903.
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MeSH Terms
Corpus Striatum / anatomy & histology,  cytology,  physiology*
Electric Stimulation
Extremities / physiology*
Locomotion / physiology*
Neurons / physiology*
Regression Analysis
Skin Physiological Phenomena
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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