Document Detail

A 5α-reductase inhibitor, finasteride, increases differentiation and proliferation of embryonal carcinoma cell-derived-neural cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20851532     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Recent advances in stem cell biology have resulted in identifying new agents to differentiate stem cell-derived-neural cells. Different stem cell types have been shown to differentiate into neural cells. It has been shown that P19 line of embryonal carcinoma cells develops into neurons and astroglia after exposure to some hormones such as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Steroid 5α-reductase is a key enzyme in the conversion of several Δ4-3 keto steroids, such as testosterone into their respective 5α-reductase derivatives. Finasteride is a 5α-reductase inhibitor that inhibits conversion of testosterone to the more potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Reduction in DHT and sustaining testosterone levels has an important impact on differentiation and proliferation of embryonal carcinoma cells to neural cells. We hypothesize that finasteride, a 5α-reductase inhibitor, will be differentiate embryonal carcinoma cell to the neural cell and increase their proliferation due to the elevation levels of testosterone, a neuroprotective neurosteroid.
Alireza Shoae-Hassani; Shiva Sharif; Javad Verdi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical hypotheses     Volume:  76     ISSN:  1532-2777     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Hypotheses     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505668     Medline TA:  Med Hypotheses     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Research center for Science and Technology in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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