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The recurrent Guillain-Barré syndrome: a long-term population-based study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22507178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To describe a population-based material of patients with recurrent Guillain-Barré syndrome (RGBS), examine the long time course, and search for factors predisposing to recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a follow-up study of the neurology and neurophysiology and a systematic study of the acute microbial serology of patients with RGBS. These parameters were compared with the results of a previous study of monophasic GBS. RESULTS: The patients with RGBS (n = 15) were retrieved from admissions of 229 patients with GBS during a 17-year period. They had 2-7 (median 3) episodes occurring at irregular intervals over decades. Of the 11 patients who accepted a follow-up examination, six were in full remission, and five had moderate sequelae. Nine had a demyelinating subtype, one had an axonal motor variant, and one patient with incomplete Miller Fisher syndrome had associated arachnoiditis. Two patients showed ultimate transition to a course similar to chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Episodes were generally shorter in RGBS than in GBS, and an initial episode duration <45 days was predictive of recurrence and related to a younger onset age (univariate P = 0.005-0.009). Triggering infections occurred in all patients, in 32 of 41 episodes (78%) with few examples of etiological promiscuity. Serological findings did not differ from those in GBS. CONCLUSIONS: Episodes in RGBS were shorter than in monophasic GBS. We were unable to identify further immunological predisposing factors for recurrence beyond the previously demonstrated relationship to a weaker respiratory burst. We observed no obvious tendency for the recurrence frequency to wane.
N Mossberg; M Nordin; C Movitz; S Nilsson; K Hellstrand; T Bergström; B Andersson; O Andersen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta neurologica Scandinavica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0404     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370336     Medline TA:  Acta Neurol Scand     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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