Document Detail


The ratification status of ILO conventions related to occupational safety and health and its relationship with reported occupational fatality rates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17314469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the ratification status of occupational safety and health (OSH)-related ILO conventions and reported occupational fatality rates of ILO member countries, while controlling for possible confounding factors. ILO member states were divided into 4 levels of income status, based on the gross national income per capita. Seventeen conventions designated as OSH-related were examined. Reported country occupational fatality rates were compared according to the ratification status of these 17 conventions and multiple regression analyses were conducted to assess the relationship between the fatality rates, ratification status, income level and length of ILO membership. Fatality rates were inversely and significantly related to income levels. In general, non-ratifying countries had higher work-related fatality rates than ratifying countries. A statistical model for identifying predictors of fatal injury rates showed that a larger number of conventions ratified was significantly associated with lower fatality rates. The fact that non-ratifying countries generally have higher fatality rates than ratifying ones supports the notion that all countries should promote ratification of ILO conventions aimed at improving OSH conditions.
Authors:
Donald J Wilson; Ken Takahashi; Sonoko Sakuragi; Masako Yoshino; Tsutomu Hoshuyama; Teppei Imai; Jukka Takala
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of occupational health     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1341-9145     ISO Abbreviation:  J Occup Health     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-22     Completed Date:  2007-03-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9616320     Medline TA:  J Occup Health     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Occupational / mortality*,  prevention & control
Developed Countries
Developing Countries
Humans
Industry
International Cooperation / legislation & jurisprudence*
Occupational Health*
Public Policy
Social Class
United Nations / legislation & jurisprudence,  standards*
World Health*

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