Document Detail


The rate of molecular evolution considered from the standpoint of population genetics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  5260917     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The rate of amino acid substitutions in the evolution of homologous proteins is remarkably constant. Furthermore, estimated rates of amino acid substitutions based on comparisons of the alpha hemoglobin chains of various mammals with that of the carp are about the same as those based on comparisons of the carp alpha and mammalian beta or the alpha and beta chains in mammals. These uniformities are regarded as evidence for the hypothesis that a majority of amino acid substitutions that occurred in these proteins are the result of random fixation of selectively neutral or nearly neutral mutations. TWO IMPLICATIONS OF THIS POSSIBILITY ARE DISCUSSED: (a) Random gene frequency drift is playing an important role in determining the genetic structure of biological populations and (b) genes in "living fossils" may be expected to have undergone as many DNA base (and therefore amino acid) substitutions as corresponding genes (proteins) in more rapidly evolving species.
Authors:
M Kimura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  1969 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1970-01-19     Completed Date:  1970-01-19     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1181-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acid Sequence*
Animals
Cattle
Cyprinidae
Evolution*
Gene Frequency*
Hemoglobins*
Horses
Humans
Mice
Rabbits
Sheep
Swine
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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