Document Detail

A randomized trial to investigate the effects of functional electrical stimulation and therapeutic exercise on walking performance for people with multiple sclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19282417     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES), is a means of producing a contraction in a paralyzed or weak muscle to enable function through electrical excitation of the innervating nerve. OBJECTIVE: This two-group randomized trial assessed the effects of single channel common peroneal nerve stimulation on objective aspects of gait relative to exercise therapy for people with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). METHODS: Forty-four people with a diagnosis of SPMS and unilateral dropped foot completed the trial. Twenty patients were randomly allocated to a group receiving FES and the remaining 24 to a group receiving a physiotherapy home exercise program for a period of 18 weeks. RESULTS: The exercise group showed a statistically significant increase in 10 m walking speed and distance walked in 3 min, relative to the FES group who showed no significant change in walking performance without stimulation. At each stage of the trial, the FES group performed to a significantly higher level with FES than without for the same outcome measures. CONCLUSION: Exercise may provide a greater training effect on walking speed and endurance than FES for people with SPMS. FES may provide an orthotic benefit when outcome is measured using the same parameters. More research is required to investigate the combined therapeutic effects of FES and exercise for this patient group.
C L Barrett; G E Mann; P N Taylor; P Strike
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-03-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England)     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1352-4585     ISO Abbreviation:  Mult. Scler.     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-27     Completed Date:  2009-07-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9509185     Medline TA:  Mult Scler     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  493-504     Citation Subset:  IM    
The National Clinical FES Centre, Department of Clinical Sciences and Biomedical Engineering, Salisbury District Hospital, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP2 8BJ, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Electric Stimulation Therapy*
Exercise Therapy*
Gait Disorders, Neurologic / rehabilitation,  therapy
Middle Aged
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive / rehabilitation*,  therapy*
Peroneal Nerve / physiology
Physical Therapy Modalities
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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