Document Detail


A randomized trial to increase smoking intervention by physicians. Doctors Helping Smokers, Round I.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2926945     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sixty-six physicians were randomized to three groups to conduct a 1-month campaign to help their patients stop smoking. The workshop group received free patient education materials and a 6-hour training workshop. The materials group received free patient education materials, and the no-assistance group received nothing. A telephone interview was completed with 89% of the 6767 eligible adult patients seen during the month of the campaign. The brief training program and patient education materials marginally increased the smoking intervention activities of volunteer physicians in private practice. Both workshop and materials physicians asked 54% of their smoking patients to stop; no-assistance physicians asked 40%. One year later, 36% of patients who had not even been asked by their doctors if they smoked reported that they had tried to stop smoking. If the physician had asked the patient if he or she smoked, the probability of a quit attempt was 47%. Patients who had been asked if they smoked were more likely to claim to have stopped (13%) than patients who had not been asked (9%). However, the proportion of patients claiming continued abstinence (range, 12% to 14%) was not related to the group of the physician.
Authors:
T E Kottke; M L Brekke; L I Solberg; J R Hughes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association     Volume:  261     ISSN:  0098-7484     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA     Publication Date:  1989 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-05-02     Completed Date:  1989-05-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501160     Medline TA:  JAMA     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2101-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Education, Medical, Continuing
Educational Status
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic / methods
Physician's Role*
Random Allocation
Role*
Smoking / prevention & control*
Social Support
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA38361/CA/NCI NIH HHS; DA00109/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA04066/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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