Document Detail


A randomized study of sodium hypochlorite versus formocresol pulpotomy in primary molar teeth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22502601     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2012 Background.  Alternatives to vital pulpotomy treatment in primary teeth are being sought because of the high formaldehyde content of traditional formocresol (FC) pulpotomy medicaments. Aim.  The aim was to compare the clinical and radiographic success of vital pulpotomy treatment in primary molars using 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) versus a 1 : 5 dilution of Buckley's FC. Design.  Pulpotomies were performed in primary molars of healthy children between 3 and 10 years old. Sixty-five primary teeth were randomized into two groups that were evaluated for treatment outcomes. Following treatment, the pulp chamber was filled with zinc oxide eugenol (ZnOE) and restored with a stainless steel crown cemented with glass ionomer cement. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were recorded at 6 and 12 months. Results.  The control (FC) and experimental (NaOCl) groups demonstrated 100% clinical success at 6 and 12 months. The NaOCl group had 86% (19/22) radiographic success at 6 months and 80% (12/15) at 12 months. The FC group had 84% (21/25) radiographic success at 6 months and 90% (9/10) at 12 months. No significant differences were found in the radiographic outcomes between the two groups at 6 and 12 months (Fisher's exact test; P = 0.574 and P = 0.468, respectively). Conclusion.  NaOCl demonstrated clinical and radiographic success comparable to FC.
Authors:
John D Ruby; Charles F Cox; Stephen C Mitchell; Sonia Makhija; Papimon Chompu-Inwai; Janice Jackson
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-263X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107511     Medline TA:  Int J Paediatr Dent     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry © 2012 BSPD, IAPD and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA Department of Operative Dentistry, Tsurumi University, Yokohama, Japan Department of General Dental Sciences, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chang Mai, Thailand.
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