Document Detail


A randomized placebo-controlled study on the effects of lutein and zeaxanthin on visual processing speed in young healthy subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25483230     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Speed of processing is a particularly important characteristic of the visual system. Often a behavioral reaction to a visual stimulus must be faster than the conscious perception of that stimulus, as is the case with many sports (e.g., baseball). Visual psychophysics provides a relatively simple and precise means of measuring visual processing speed called the temporal contrast sensitivity function (tCSF). Past study has shown that macular pigment (a collection of xanthophylls, lutein (L), meso-zeaxanthin (MZ) and zeaxanthin (Z), found in the retina) optical density (MPOD) is positively correlated with the tCSF. In this study, we found similar correlations when testing 102 young healthy subjects. As a follow-up, we randomized 69 subjects to receive a placebo (n=15) or one of two L and Z supplements (n=54). MPOD and tCSF were measured psychophysically at baseline and 4months. Neither MPOD nor tCSF changed for the placebo condition, but both improved significantly as a result of supplementation. These results show that an intervention with L and Z can increase processing speed even in young healthy subjects.
Authors:
Emily R Bovier; Billy R Hammond
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of biochemistry and biophysics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0384     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Biochem. Biophys.     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-9    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372430     Medline TA:  Arch Biochem Biophys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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