Document Detail


A randomized controlled trial of the effects of intensive sit-to-stand training after recent traumatic brain injury on sit-to-stand performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12785242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of intensive practice of sit-to-stand on motor performance, exercise capacity and exercise efficiency in traumatic brain-injured patients during early inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Brain injury rehabilitation unit. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four subjects who had recently sustained a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) were randomized into an experimental (n = 13) and a control (n = 11) group. INTERVENTIONS: In addition to their usual rehabilitation programme, subjects in the experimental group participated in four weeks of intensive training of sit-to-stand and step-up exercises with the aim of improving performance of sit-to-stand. The control group did no additional sit-to-stand or step-up training. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Total number of sit-to-stands in 3 min as a measure of motor performance; peak oxygen consumption during a maximal 3-min sit-to-stand test (Vo2peak) as a measure of exercise capacity; oxygen consumption during a 3-min equivalent workload sit-to-stand test (Vo2equiv) as a measure of exercise efficiency. Pre- and post-training measurements were made. RESULTS: The exercise programme resulted in a 62% improvement in motor performance (number of repetitions of sit-to-stand in 3 min) for the experimental group compared with the control group's 18% improvement (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between groups for changes in exercise capacity or efficiency. In the experimental group, the increase in Vo2peak from pre-test to post-test correlated with the increase in sit-to-stand repetitions (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Intensive task-specific training is recommended as an important component of rehabilitation early following severe traumatic brain injury.
Authors:
Colleen G Canning; Roberta B Shepherd; Janet H Carr; Jennifer A Alison; Lauren Wade; Alanna White
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rehabilitation     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0269-2155     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Rehabil     Publication Date:  2003 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-05     Completed Date:  2003-07-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802181     Medline TA:  Clin Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  355-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW, 1825, Australia. C.Canning@fhs.usyd.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
Exercise Therapy*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Movement
Posture*
Severity of Illness Index
Single-Blind Method
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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