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A randomize control trial between fosfomycin and cefuroxime as the antibiotic prophylaxis in knee arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23326976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis is used in all patient underwent total knee arthroplasty to prevent post operative infection which produced poor outcome. The suitable drug should be safe and good efficacy.
OBJECTIVE: To study safety and efficacy of fosfomicin and cefuroxime as antibiotic prophylaxis for total knee arthroplasty.
MATERIAL AND METHOD: The control trial was performed to find out efficacy and safety of fosfomycin as an antibiotic prophylaxis comparing to cefuroxime. There were 112 patients, 14 male and 98 female, with their ages ranged between 57 and 86 years. They were randomly divided into two groups, the fosfomycin group, 56 patients and the cefuroxime group, 56 patients. All patients underwent elective knee arthroplasty by the authors. The scheduled antibiotics were given perioperatively for 24 hours and all patients were followed-up for 6 months. Physical examination, skin temperature of the operated knee, radiograph and blood tests were carried out in the patients to monitor post operative infection, renal and liver disturbance.
RESULTS: One patient in the cefuroxime group had local wound infection which responded well to local treatment and administration of antibiotics. No patients had post operative infection at the 6 months follow-up. No patients had any complication and none had renal and liver function disturbance during the follow-up.
CONCLUSION: Comparing to cefuroxime,fosfomycin is safe and effective for the use as antibiotic prophylaxis in knee arthroplasty.
Authors:
Keerati Chareancholvanich; Pacharapol Udomkiat; Saranatra Waikakul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet     Volume:  95 Suppl 9     ISSN:  0125-2208     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Assoc Thai     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507216     Medline TA:  J Med Assoc Thai     Country:  Thailand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S6-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. sikcr@mahidol.ac.th
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