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A randomised control trial of a remote home support programme for infants with major congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22888158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To assess the sustainability, clinical utility and acceptability to clinicians and parents of a tele-homecare programme for infants with major congenital heart disease (CHD), and to evaluate the impact on healthcare resource use. DESIGN: Randomised control trial. SETTING: UK tertiary congenital cardiac centre. PARTICIPANTS: 83 infants with major CHD. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomised to one of three groups: video-conferencing support (n=35), telephone support (n=24) and a control group (n=24). Patients in the two intervention groups received regular, standardised remote consultations. Video-conferences (VCs) were facilitated by Integrated Systems Digital Network lines and replaced by home broadband connections later in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Healthcare resource use, utilisation including hospitalisation, clinicians' opinions on utility and quality of interventions, parental opinions on quality of interventions. RESULTS: Clinicians were more confident making medical decisions following VCs compared with telephone consultations (p=0.01). Both VC and telephone support were very well received, but parents expressed significantly higher levels of satisfaction with VC support (p=0.001). Healthcare resource use was 37% lower in the video-conferencing group compared with both telephone support and control groups (p<0.001), as was the risk of hospitalisation (p=0.006). Direct health service costs were significantly lower in the video-conferencing group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A tele-medicine home support programme for families of infants with major CHD is feasible, sustainable and effective. Home support with video-conferencing is superior to telephone consultations. Parents are highly satisfied with tele-homecare. Tele-homecare significantly reduces health service utilisation and may reduce health service costs.
Authors:
Brian McCrossan; Gareth Morgan; Brian Grant; Andrew J Sands; Brian G Craig; Nicola N Doherty; Ashley M Agus; Graine E Crealey; Frank A Casey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart (British Cardiac Society)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-201X     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602087     Medline TA:  Heart     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Belfast, UK.
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