Document Detail

A rabbit model of graded primary mechanical injury to brainstem.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23186924     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objective: To introduce a new animal model of graded mechanical primary brainstem injury (BSI). Methods: Altogether 45 rabbits were subjected to BSI by type II biological impact machine designed by the Third Military Medical University. The animals were divided into 4 experimental groups (n equal to 10) and 1 control group (n equal to 5) according to different magnitudes of impact pressure imposed on the occipital nodule: Group 1, 500-520 kPa; Group 2, 520-540 kPa; Group 3, 540-560 kPa; Group 4, 560-580 kPa and Group 5, 0 kPa with 20 kPa increase in each grade. The impact depth was a constant 0.5 cm. After injury, the clinical symptoms and signs as well as pathological changes were observed. Results: Rabbits in Group 1 revealed mild physiological reaction of BSI. They had localized cerebral contusion with punctate hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was limited to the peripheral tissues at the impact area. In Group 2, obvious physiological reaction was observed. Local pathological lesions reached the superficial layer of brainstem tissues; focal hemorrhage and girdle-shaped SAH in basilar pon were observed under microscope. In Group 3, BSI was more severe with a long respiratory depression. Pathological lesions reached the inner portion of brainstem with massive hemorrhage and the whole brainstem was wrapped by subarachnoid hematoma. In Group 4, most rabbits died due to severe BSI. Pathological lesions deepened to the central brainstem with wide pathological change, rapture of the medulla oblongata central canal. Group 5 was the control group, with normal brainstem structure and no lesion observed.Conclusion: This model successfully simulates different levels of brainstem mechanical injury and clearly shows the subsequent pathological changes following injury. It takes two external parameters (impact pressure and depth) and has a similar injury mechanism to clinical accelerating BSI. Moreover it is reproducible and stable, thus being be- neficial for exploring pathophysiological mechanism, diagnosis and forensic identification of various degrees of BSI.
Yong-Min Yu; Xiao-Wei Wang; Hai-Bin Xue; Peng Xia; Hong-Wei Li; Guo-Xin Dai; Xiao-Yuan Ji; Hui Zhao; Zhi-Yong Yin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi / Chinese Medical Association     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1008-1275     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. J. Traumatol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886162     Medline TA:  Chin J Traumatol     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  346-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Chongqing Public Security Bureau, Chongqing 401147, China.
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