Document Detail

A quantitative use of the NIDCAP tool. The effect of gender and race on very preterm neonates' behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11845517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate how the check sheet of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) can be quantified and used in research. Using the quantified NIDCAP measures, the hypothesis that Caucasian male infants are less behaviorally competent while in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was explored. Participants included 42 very preterm NICU infants. Eighty-five NIDCAP behaviors were quantified into scores ranging from 0 to 1, indicating the percentage of time each behavior was observed. Multivariate analyses were used in grouping the 85 NIDCAP behaviors into three subsystems of functioning. The hypothesis that Caucasian male infants were less competent was not supported; neither were gender differences found. Contrary to this hypothesis, African American infants were identified as more vulnerable on several behaviors. NIDCAP assessments were easily quantified. Once the entire NIDCAP exam has been quantified, practice applications may involve automated development of individualized care plans.
Jana L Pressler; Joseph T Hepworth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nursing research     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1054-7738     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nurs Res     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-15     Completed Date:  2002-05-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208508     Medline TA:  Clin Nurs Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-102     Citation Subset:  N    
Pennsylvania State University, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group
Continental Population Groups
European Continental Ancestry Group
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Neonatal Screening / standards*
Sex Factors
Grant Support

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