Document Detail

The quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies in diabetic retinopathy screening: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18954316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common cause of blindness among the working age group in the developed world. To identify potentially treatable DR, systematic screening is recommended. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies in DR screening. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature survey in which a highly sensitive MEDLINE search was performed. The aim was to identify reports of diagnostic accuracy for DR screening published during 1995-2006. Two reviewers appraised all selected papers independently. The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) checklist was used to evaluate the quality of reporting of each publication. For every manuscript, each item was scored as completely reported (score = 2), partly reported (score = 1) or not reported (score = 0). We calculated the total number of reported STARD items per article, summary scores for each STARD item and the average number of reported STARD items per year. RESULTS: A total of 5887 citations were identified from Medline search. Seventy-six fulfilled the criteria for inclusion. The mean score +/- SD of articles included in our study was 19.8 +/- 6.5 out of a maximum of 50. The mean number +/- SD of fully reported items among included studies was 8 +/- 3.3. Only 9 (11.8%) manuscripts completely reported at least 50% of the STARD items. Descriptions of key aspects of the methodology were frequently missing. Only 8% (6/76) of the manuscripts had a flow chart describing flow of participants within a study. CONCLUSION: The quality of reporting of diagnostic-accuracy studies for DR screening is suboptimal. Adherence to STARD guidelines may improve the quality of reporting of DR screening studies.
Atif Zafar; Ghulam Ishaq Khan; M A Rehman Siddiqui
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical & experimental ophthalmology     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1442-9071     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-28     Completed Date:  2009-02-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100896531     Medline TA:  Clin Experiment Ophthalmol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  537-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
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MeSH Terms
Diabetic Retinopathy / diagnosis*
Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological / standards*
Guideline Adherence
Guidelines as Topic
Research Design / standards*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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