Document Detail


"Chemical fingerprints" of pumice from Cappadocia (Turkey) and Kos (Greece) for archaeological applications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17292613     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pumice has been used as a serviceable abrasive or religious artefact since antiquity and has therefore been an object of trade. It can be found in excavations of ancient workshops all over the Mediterranean. Pumice lumps from the major pumice-bearing rhyolitic tephra units in Cappadocia-the Central Anatolian Volcanic Province, Turkey (in particular the ignimbrites Kavak, Cemilköy, Tahar, Gördeles, and the volcanic complexes of Acigöl and Hasan Daği), were sampled and analyzed for major and trace element concentrations using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). Elements determined were Na, K, Sc, Cr, Fe, Co, Zn, As, Rb, Zr, Sb, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb, Lu, Hf, Ta, Th, and U. Since the distribution of those elements is characteristic of the products of a certain eruption, this "chemical fingerprint" can be used to establish the origin of an unknown pumice sample by comparison with samples of known origin. In the course of this study, it could be shown that one pumice finding from the excavation in Miletos (Turkey) probably originates from the Hasan Daği volcanic complex in Cappadocia. Since it is known that the population in Miletos focused their trade connections on the Mediterranean, this result is somewhat surprising. Two other samples from Miletos show a very high similarity to the chemical fingerprint of pumice from the Kos Plateau Tuff (KPT; Greece): In one case, the identification is doubtless, in the other case identification as KPT seems quite probable.
Authors:
Georg Steinhauser; Johannes H Sterba; Max Bichler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0969-8043     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Radiat Isot     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-13     Completed Date:  2007-10-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306253     Medline TA:  Appl Radiat Isot     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  488-503     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Vienna University of Technology, Atominstitut der Osterreichischen Universitäten, Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna, Austria. georg.steinhauser@ati.ac.at
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Archaeology*
Greece
Silicates / chemistry*
Trace Elements / analysis*
Turkey
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Silicates; 0/Trace Elements; 1332-09-8/pumice

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