Document Detail

A psychological preoperative program: effects on anxiety and cooperative behaviors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23289773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of a psychological preoperative program in reducing preoperative anxiety and in promoting compliance of pediatric participants with surgical procedures.
METHODS: Fifty children and their mothers were subjected to two conditions of treatment to investigate whether psychological preparation activities and psychologist's support during all phases of the operatory iter (group 1) were as efficient in reducing mothers' and child's anxiety and in increasing the child's compliance as distraction activities (group 2). The observed child anxiety was assessed using mYPAS; compliant behaviors with Induction Compliance Checklist; and mothers' anxiety with Amsterdam Pre-operative Anxiety and Information Scale.
RESULTS: Children of the first group were less anxious and more cooperative in the preoperative period and during anesthesia induction than in the other condition. The psychological program was also more efficient in reducing mothers' anxiety. Finally, the mothers of group 1 showed a significantly higher satisfaction and judged as significantly more effective the program proposed to prepare their children than the mothers of group 2.
CONCLUSIONS: Preparing children through playful dramatization of the operative procedure, manipulation of medical instruments and psychologist's support may be useful in pediatric surgery structures.
Francesca Cuzzocrea; Maria C Gugliandolo; Rosalba Larcan; Carmelo Romeo; Nunzio Turiaco; Tiziana Dominici
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric anaesthesia     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1460-9592     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Anaesth     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206575     Medline TA:  Paediatr Anaesth     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Section of Psychology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.
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