Document Detail

The psychological effects of multifetal pregnancy reduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7789580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study the psychological effects of multifetal pregnancy reduction. DESIGN AND SETTING: Hour-long semistructured telephone interviews with both multifetal pregnancy reduction patients and control subjects. PATIENTS: Forty-two multifetal pregnancy reduction patients were contacted within 1 year of undergoing the procedure. Forty-four control subjects had become pregnant after infertility evaluation or treatment but conceived only a single fetus or twins and thus did not consider fetal termination. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Standardized measures of depressive disorder and current psychiatric symptoms, as well as questions about emotional reactions to multifetal pregnancy reduction. RESULTS: Reduction patients who were pregnant or postpartum at the time of the interview (n = 34) were no more likely than pregnant or postpartum controls (n = 34) to report episodes of depression or high psychiatric symptom levels. The same proportion (14.7%) of both reduction patients and controls with a successful pregnancy outcome met criteria for an episode of major depressive disorder occurring during the 9 months before the interview. In contrast, the 8 reduction patients who spontaneously aborted the entire pregnancy and the 10 controls who spontaneously aborted reported significantly higher rates of the full depressive syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Multifetal pregnancy reduction is experienced as stressful and distressing. However, when pregnancy outcome is successful, the medical intervention does not put women at significant risk for affective illness or elevated levels of psychiatric symptoms.
M McKinney; J Downey; I Timor-Tritsch
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0015-0282     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  1995 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-25     Completed Date:  1995-07-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  51-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Spontaneous / psychology
Depression / epidemiology,  etiology
Interview, Psychological
Medical Records
Mental Disorders / epidemiology,  etiology
Pregnancy Reduction, Multifetal / adverse effects,  psychology*
Reference Values
Risk Factors
Grant Support
903-E061Y//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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