Document Detail

A proteomic analysis of differential cellular responses to the short-chain fatty acids butyrate, valerate and propionate in colon epithelial cancer cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22075547     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACi); they are produced naturally in the colon by fermentation. They affect cellular processes at a molecular and transcriptional level, the mechanisms of which may involve large numbers of proteins and integrated pathways. Butyrate is the most biologically potent of the SCFAs in colon epithelial cells, inhibiting human colon carcinoma cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis in vitro. In order to investigate the hypothesis that propionate and valerate possess unique and independent actions from butyrate, we combined proteomic and cellomic approaches for large-scale comparative analysis. Proteomic evaluation was undertaken using an iTRAQ tandem mass-spectrometry workflow and high-throughput High-content Analysis microscopy (HCA) was applied to generate cellomic information on the cell cycle and the cytoskeletal structure. Our results show that these SCFAs possess specific effects. Butyrate was shown to have more pronounced effects on the keratins and intermediate filaments (IFs); while valerate altered the β-tubulin isotypes' expression and the microtubules (MTs); propionate was involved in both mechanisms, displaying intermediate effects. These data suggest distinct physiological roles for SCFAs in colon epithelial function, offering new possibilities for cancer therapeutics.
Josephine Kilner; Jennifer S Waby; Joanna Chowdry; Abdul Q Khan; Josselin Noirel; Phillip C Wright; Bernard M Corfe; Caroline A Evans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular bioSystems     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1742-2051     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101251620     Medline TA:  Mol Biosyst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
ChELSI Institute, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Sheffield, Mappin St, S1 3JD, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
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