Document Detail

A prospective study of two methods of closing surgical scalp wounds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22122709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Scalp wounds are commonly closed in two layers, although single layer closure is feasible. This study prospectively compared the two methods of closing scalp wounds.
METHODOLOGY: Patients with non-traumatic scalp wounds were allocated to either the single layer closure group or the multilayer closure group. We obtained relevant data from the patients. The primary outcome measures were wound edge related complications, rate of suturing and cost of sutures used for suturing.
RESULTS: Thirty-one wounds were in the single layer closure group and 30 were in the multilayer closure group. Age range was 1-80 years. The most common indication for making a scalp incision was subdural hematoma, representing 27.8% of all the indications. The most common surgery was burr hole drainage of subdural hematoma. Polyglactin acid suture was used for the inner layer and polyamide -00- for the final layer in the multilayer closure group. Only the latter suture was used for the single layer closure method. Total cost of suturing per wound in the single layer closure group was N= 100 (0.70USD) and N= 800 (5.30USD) in the multilayer group. The mean rate of closure was 0.39 ± 1.89 mm/sec for single layer closure and 0.23 ± 0.89 mm/sec in multilayer closure. The difference was statistically significant. Wound edge related complication rate was 19.35% in the single layer closure group and 16.67% in the multilayer closure method group. The difference was not statistically significant (z: 0.00, p value: 1.000; Pearson chi-squared (DF = 1)= 0.0075, p = 0.0785).
CONCLUSION: The study shows that closing the scalp in one layer is much faster and more cost effective compared to the multilayer closure method. We did not observe significant difference in the complication rates in the two methods of closure. Long-term outcome, especially cosmetic outcome, remains to be determined in this preliminary study.
A A Adeolu; J K Olabanji; E O Komolafe; A O Ademuyiwa; A O Awe; A O Oladele
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2011-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1360-046X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-02     Completed Date:  2012-03-29     Revised Date:  2012-04-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8800054     Medline TA:  Br J Neurosurg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  75-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Child, Preschool
Costs and Cost Analysis
Middle Aged
Polyglactin 910 / economics,  therapeutic use
Postoperative Complications / etiology
Prospective Studies
Scalp / injuries,  surgery*
Suture Techniques / economics*
Sutures / economics*
Treatment Outcome
Wound Healing / physiology
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
34346-01-5/Polyglactin 910

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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