Document Detail


A prospective study on the clinical features of chronic canine atopic dermatitis and its diagnosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20187911     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) is a multifaceted disease associated with exposure to various offending agents such as environmental and food allergens. The diagnosis of this condition is difficult because none of the typical signs are pathognomonic. Sets of criteria have been proposed but are mainly used to include dogs in clinical studies. The goals of the present study were to characterize the clinical features and signs of a large population of dogs with CAD, to identify which of these characteristics could be different in food-induced atopic dermatitis (FIAD) and non-food-induced atopic dermatitis (NFIAD) and to develop criteria for the diagnosis of this condition. Using simulated annealing, selected criteria were tested on a large and geographically widespread population of pruritic dogs. The study first described the signalment, history and clinical features of a large population of CAD dogs, compared FIAD and NFIAD dogs and confirmed that both conditions are clinically indistinguishable. Correlations of numerous clinical features with the diagnosis of CAD are subsequently calculated, and two sets of criteria associated with sensitivity and specificity ranging from 80% to 85% and from 79% to 85%, respectively, are proposed. It is finally demonstrated that these new sets of criteria provide better sensitivity and specificity, when compared to Willemse and Pr?laud criteria. These criteria can be applied to both FIAD and NFIAD dogs.
Authors:
Claude Favrot; Jean Steffan; Wolfgang Seewald; Federicca Picco
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary dermatology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1365-3164     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-10     Completed Date:  2010-06-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9426187     Medline TA:  Vet Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  23-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Clinical for Small Animal Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. cfavrot@vetclinics.unizh.ch
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Chronic Disease
Dermatitis, Atopic / diagnosis,  pathology,  veterinary*
Diagnosis, Differential
Dog Diseases / diagnosis,  pathology*
Dogs
Female
Food Hypersensitivity / diagnosis,  pathology,  veterinary*
Male
Prospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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