Document Detail


A prospective, randomized comparison of 3 contemporary bioprosthetic aortic valves: should hemodynamic performance influence device selection?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23140964     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Latest generation biologic aortic valve prostheses were designed to improve hemodynamic performance. We sought to determine whether there are clinically important early differences among these devices.
METHODS: Three hundred adults with severe aortic valve stenosis undergoing aortic valve replacement were randomized to receive the Edwards Magna, Sorin Mitroflow, or St. Jude Epic bioprostheses (n = 100, n = 101, n = 99, respectively). Early hemodynamic performance was studied by echocardiography.
RESULTS: Mean patient age was 76 ± 8 years and there were 203 men (68%). There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics among implant groups. Early mortality was 1.7%, and there were no differences in early adverse events. Postoperative echocardiography showed small but statistically significant differences overall between the Magna, Mitroflow, and Epic valves in mean gradient (14.2 mm Hg, 16.3 mm Hg, 16.5 mm Hg, respectively; P = .011), aortic valve area (2.05 cm(2), 1.88 cm(2), 1.86 cm(2), respectively; P = .012), and indexed aortic valve area (1.05 cm(2)/m(2), 0.97 cm(2)/m(2), 0.95 cm(2)/m(2), respectively; P = .012). Prosthetic performance was similar among all with a small (≤21 mm) aortic annulus. Patients who received the Magna device with a 23-mm annulus had slightly greater indexed aortic valve area; those with >23 mm had a slightly lower transprosthetic gradient. Analogous trends were found when data were stratified by either commercial implant size or echocardiography-determined aortic annulus size. Severe patient-prosthesis mismatch was infrequent overall and was similarly low among devices (P value not significant).
CONCLUSIONS: This prospective, randomized comparison reveals that there are small but consistent early postoperative hemodynamic differences among current third-generation porcine and pericardial aortic valve prostheses. The 3 valves studied performed equally well in patients with a small (≤21 mm) aortic annulus. The Magna valve had a slightly lower mean gradient in those with larger annular size (>23 mm). Longitudinal follow-up of these randomized cohorts is essential to determine late clinical implications of these early postoperative findings.
Authors:
Rakesh M Suri; Hector I Michelena; Harold M Burkhart; Kevin L Greason; Richard C Daly; Joseph A Dearani; Soon J Park; Lyle D Joyce; John M Stulak; Thoralf M Sundt; Zhuo Li; Hartzell V Schaff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  144     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  2013-01-22     Revised Date:  2013-11-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1387-95, 1398; discussion 1395-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aortic Valve Stenosis / mortality,  physiopathology,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Bioprosthesis*
Chi-Square Distribution
Echocardiography, Doppler
Female
Heart Valve Prosthesis*
Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects,  instrumentation*,  mortality
Hemodynamics*
Humans
Male
Minnesota
Patient Selection*
Prospective Studies
Prosthesis Design
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013 Nov;146(5):1307   [PMID:  24128915 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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