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The proliferative effects of ghrelin on human gastric cancer AGS cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22908970     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the role of ghrelin in the gastric cancer cell line AGS and its probable mechanism.
METHODS:   Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay after treated with ghrelin or des-acyl ghrelin. The expression of growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a) and 1b (GHS-R1b) mRNA was detected using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Akt was measured by Western blot in cells either treated with ghrelin or inhibitors for ERK1/2 and phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K). The distribution of cell cycle phases was determined by flow cytometry analysis of DNA content.
RESULTS:   GHS-R1a and GHS-R1b mRNA were expressed in the AGS cells. Ghrelin and des-acyl ghrelin induced AGS cell proliferation at concentrations of 1 nmol/L and 10 nmol/L but had no proliferative effect at a concentration of 100 nmol/L. The treatment of AGS cells with 10 nmol/L of ghrelin and des-acyl ghrelin resulted in the progression of the increased cells in the S phase. ERK1/2 and Akt were activated by ghrelin and des-acyl ghrelin. Specific ERK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 and PI3K inhibitor wortmannin reduced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and Akt, respectively and blocked ghrelin- and des-acyl ghrelin-induced AGS cell proliferation.
CONCLUSION:   Ghrelin and des-acyl ghrelin stimulate the proliferation of gastric cancer cells via the activation of the ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt pathway.
Authors:
Pei Ying Tian; Xiao Ming Fan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of digestive diseases     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1751-2980     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dig Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101302699     Medline TA:  J Dig Dis     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  453-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Digestive Diseases © 2012 Chinese Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan UniversityDepartment of Internal Medicine, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
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