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The prokaryotic community of a historically mining-impacted tropical stream sediment is as diverse as that from a pristine stream sediment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23389654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mining negatively affects the environment by producing large quantities of metallic tailings, such as those contaminated with arsenic, with harmful consequences for human and aquatic life. A culture-independent molecular analysis was performed to assess the prokaryotic diversity and community structural changes of the tropical historically metal-contaminated Mina stream (MS) and the relatively pristine Mutuca stream (MTS) sediments. A total of 234 bacterial operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were affiliated with 14 (MS) and 17 (MTS) phyla and 53 OTUs were associated with two archaeal phyla. Although the bacterial community compositions of these sediments were markedly distinct, no significant difference in the diversity indices between the bacterial communities was observed. Additionally, the rarefaction and diversity indices indicated a higher bacterial diversity than archaeal diversity. Most of the OTUs were affiliated with the Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes phyla. Alphaproteobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes and Actinobacteria were only found in the MS clone library. Crenarchaeal 16S rDNA sequences constituted 75 % of the MS archaeal clones, whereas Euryarchaeota were dominant in the MTS clones. Despite the markedly different characteristics of these streams, their bacterial communities harbor high diversity, suggesting that historically mining-impacted sediments promote diversity. The findings also provide basis for further investigation of members of Alphaproteobacteria as potential biological indicators of arsenic-rich sediments.
Authors:
Mariana P Reis; Francisco A R Barbosa; Edmar Chartone-Souza; Andréa M A Nascimento
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-4909     ISO Abbreviation:  Extremophiles     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706854     Medline TA:  Extremophiles     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, Belo Horizonte, MG, 31.270-901, Brazil.
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