Document Detail


A programmed training technique that uses reinforcement to facilitate acquisition and retention in brain-damaged patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  870536     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hospitalized brain-damaged patients were Ss in a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment technique used with contingent reinforcement to facilitate acquisition and retention of environmentally relevant information. Ss were divided into three groups that were equated diagnostically and demographically. Group I received the treatment technique with contingent material and verbal reinforcement. Group II received the treatment technique with only contingent verbal reinforcement, and Group III was a control. Both treatment groups showed significant acquisition of the experimental information, and 1 week after training the two treatment groups showed no significant loss of acquired information. None of the groups showed any significant change in ward behavior during the experiment. It was concluded that the treatment technique used with contingent reinforcement can be used in the retraining of memory in brain-damaged patients.
Authors:
M P Dolan; J C Norton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical psychology     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0021-9762     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  1977 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-06-30     Completed Date:  1977-06-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217132     Medline TA:  J Clin Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  496-501     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Achievement*
Brain Damage, Chronic / rehabilitation*
Humans
Memory*
Memory Disorders / rehabilitation
Programmed Instruction as Topic*
Reinforcement, Verbal*
Retention (Psychology)*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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