Document Detail

The prognostic virtue of inflammatory markers during late-onset sepsis in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15085896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: Late-onset sepsis (occurring after the first three days of life) is a serious complication in preterm infants. In order to assess the possible prognostic virtues of the acute phase inflammatory response in the disease, we compared the inflammatory response of preterm infants who died within 72 hours (h) (fulminant sepsis) to infants who recovered from the disease (non-fulminant sepsis). METHODS: Of 42 preterm infants that were evaluated: 10 had fulminant sepsis and 32 non-fulminant sepsis. Acute phase inflammatory response markers-C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), interleukin (IL)-6 levels and white blood cell (WBC) counts were measured at the first suspicion of LOS and after 8, 24 and 48 h. RESULTS: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants who were treated with fewer days of antibiotics characterized the fulminant sepsis group. The initial high levels of inflammatory markers were similar in both groups, but as early as 8 h after onset significantly lower levels of SAA, CRP and WBC counts were documented in the fulminant sepsis group. The inflammatory response remained low at 24 and 48 h in the fulminant sepsis group, while in the survivors, significantly increased inflammatory markers were measured. Decreases in the levels of the inflammatory markers preceded episodes of metabolic acidosis and arterial hypotension that were more common in the fulminant sepsis group. Infant mortality correlated inversely with SAA levels at 8 h and with CRP and WBC counts at 24 h after onset. CONCLUSION: SAA, CRP and WBC counts can be used as prognostic markers in LOS in preterm infants, with SAA being the earliest prognostic marker.
Shmuel Arnon; Ita Litmanovitz; Rivka Regev; Monica Lis; Ruth Shainkin-Kestenbaum; Tzipora Dolfin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatal medicine     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0300-5577     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinat Med     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-16     Completed Date:  2004-06-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361031     Medline TA:  J Perinat Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  176-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neonatology, Meir Hospital, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar-Saba, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Bacteremia / blood
Biological Markers / blood
C-Reactive Protein / metabolism
Candida / isolation & purification
Case-Control Studies
Fungemia / blood
Gram-Negative Bacteria / isolation & purification
Gram-Positive Bacteria / isolation & purification
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Infant, Small for Gestational Age*
Interleukin-6 / blood
Leukocyte Count
Predictive Value of Tests
Sepsis / blood*
Serum Amyloid A Protein / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Interleukin-6; 0/Serum Amyloid A Protein; 9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein

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