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The prognostic significance of the timing of total enteral feeding in traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22530166     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: To study the effect of timing of total enteral feeding on various nutritional parameters and neurological outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
METHODS: One hundred and fourteen patients, in the age group of 20-60 years, admitted within 24 h of TBI with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 4-8 were enrolled for the study. Nineteen patients who had expired before the attainment of total enteral feeding were excluded from the analysis. Total enteral feeding was attained before 3 days, 4-7 days, and after 7 days in 12, 52, and 31 patients, respectively, depending on gastric tolerance. They were prospectively assessed for various markers of nutrition and outcome was assessed at 3 and 6 months.
RESULTS: Prospective assessment of 67 hospitalized patients at 3 weeks revealed significant differences in anthropometric measurements, total protein, albumin levels, clinical features of malnutrition, and mortality among the three groups. 80% of those fed before 3 days had favorable outcome at 3 months compared to 43% among those fed later. The odds ratio (OR) was 5.29 (95% CI 1.03-27.03) and P value was 0.04. The difference between those fed before 3 days and 4-7 days was not significant at 6 months even though patients fed before 7 days had still significantly higher favorable outcome compared to those fed after 7 days (OR 7.69, P = 0.002). Multivariate analysis for unfavorable outcome showed significance of P = 0.03 for feeding after 3 days and P = 0.01 for feeding after 7 days.
CONCLUSIONS: In severe TBI, unfavorable outcome was significantly associated with attainment of total enteral feeding after 3 days and more so after 7 days following injury.
Sivashanmugam Dhandapani; Manju Dhandapani; Meena Agarwal; Alka M Chutani; Vivekanandhan Subbiah; Bhawani S Sharma; Ashok K Mahapatra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-03-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical neurology international     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2152-7806     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Neurol Int     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-24     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101535836     Medline TA:  Surg Neurol Int     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
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