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The prognostic significance of early and late anaemia in acute coronary syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22210600     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background and aim: Anaemia in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a common and strong independent risk factor but it is unknown whether early anaemia is transient or whether it persists over the subsequent weeks. We also sought to evaluate whether late anaemia carries the similar prognostic significance as baseline anaemia. Another unknown is whether haemoglobin improves risk stratification over and above the GRACE score.Design and methods: Haemoglobin levels were prospectively measured in 448 consecutive patients presenting with ACS and at 7-weeks follow-up. Cardiovascular endpoints were defined as death or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) over a median duration of 30 months (range 1-50). RESULTS: The prevalence of anaemia on admission was 20% and this increased to 40% at 7-weeks follow-up. New anaemia occurred in 31% of patients. Baseline anaemia predicted CV endpoints independent of the admission GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) score [adjusted RR 2.54 (95% CI 1.73-3.71)]. Anaemia at 7-weeks follow-up was also a strong predictor of adverse outcomes [adjusted RR 1.67 (95% CI 1.04-2.69)]. Patients with persistent anaemia at 7 weeks were at an increased risk of death or AMI compared to those with persistently normal haemoglobin [unadjusted RR 3.58 (95% CI 2.04-6.29)]. CONCLUSION: In ACS, the prevalence of anaemia doubles from admission to 7-weeks follow-up (40%). Not only did baseline anaemia predict long-term prognosis independent of the admission GRACE score, but haemoglobin at 7-weeks post-ACS was also a simple independent predictor of adverse prognosis.
Donald S C Ang; Michelle P C Kao; A Noman; C C Lang; A D Struthers
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2393     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9438285     Medline TA:  QJM     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the Centre of Cardiovascular and Lung Biology, Division of Medical Sciences, University of Dundee, Level 7, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK.
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