Document Detail

The problematic prospects for prevention in the classroom: should alcohol education programs be expected to reduce drinking by youth?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3347076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Junior and senior high-school students completed a questionnaire, either once or twice (in successive years), providing measures of variables in three principal sets: (1) curricular variables, those typically addressed in contemporary alcohol education programs (knowledge about alcohol, attitudes toward alcohol, decision-making skills and self-esteem); (2) drinking behavior; and (3) noncurricular variables (demographic and social-psychological traits that typically characterize students before they are exposed to alcohol education programs). Bivariate analyses suggested that the curricular variables are related to drinking behavior, whereas multivariate analyses indicated that these same variables contribute little to the explanation of adolescent drinking when adjusted for the noncurricular variables, most of which are logically and/or chronologically prior to curriculum exposure. It is concluded that contemporary alcohol education programs do address variables that, when considered alone, appear to be related to drinking. However, these same variables make such a small independent contribution to drinking behavior that it is unlikely even a highly successful classroom intervention directed at these variables would do much to prevent alcohol use or abuse by youth.
A L Mauss; R H Hopkins; R A Weisheit; K A Kearney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0096-882X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Stud. Alcohol     Publication Date:  1988 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-04-21     Completed Date:  1988-04-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503813     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  51-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sociology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-4020.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking*
Alcoholism / prevention & control
Decision Making
Health Education*
School Health Services*
Self Concept
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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